Should references to a deity in our secular democracy be removed? The Pledge of Allegiance contains the words "under God." They were inserted in a bill that Congress passed, signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on June 14, 1954, when there was a Communist or Red Scare. The pledge was invoked to demonstrate loyalty to the nation.

Before this revised pledge, it had been recited in schools throughout the nation and was made part of the national flag code, when it was adopted by Congress in 1942. 

Just as these two words "under God" were inserted, they can be removed from the original pledge, and should be, in order to reflect the true nature of our nation. The United States is a secular nation, where church and state are separate, though freedom of religion is a guaranteed right. 

A similar case can be made for removing "in God we trust" in our coinage and currency. Further justification can be made by acknowledging belief in science and democracy. Science is a discipline that studies and offers proof of natural phenomena, but it does not deal with the supernatural, which "God" clearly is, for it cannot be studied or proven. That is the domain of theology. 

William Frinsko, Normal 


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