Bill Veeck was not the typical baseball team owner. He was listed in the Chicago phonebook and often walked the Comiskey Park concourse shaking hands as he limped on his wooden leg that he retrofitted with an ashtray.
As a young man, he planted the ivy on the outfield walls at Wrigley Field.
He hired Larry Doby, the first black to play in the American League just months after Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier with the Brooklyn Dodgers. And he owned the Cleveland Indians when they last won a World Series in 1948.
In later years, he was a regular on Chicago sports TV talk shows and offered reasoned arguments on politics and society. Veeck was seen often on WGN broadcasts of Cubs’ games shirtless with a beer in his hand sitting among the fans in the Wrigley Field bleachers.
Bill Veeck went for the wow factor, as well as a nonconformist and a champion for the game of baseball and the fan. And he’s an Illinois product.
Veeck was born in suburban Hinsdale in 1914. One of his early jobs was working with his father, who ran the Chicago Cubs in the 1920s and 1930s, selling everything from tickets to popcorn.
“His father, William Veeck Sr., wrote for the Chicago American under the name Bill Bailey. He was intensely critical of the Cubs. It was unheard of at the time to take a newspaper writer and make him the general manager of the team,” said Paul Dickson, author of “Bill Veeck: Baseball’s Greatest Maverick.” “He comes in and (owner William Wrigley Jr.) just loves him.
“He went in with the idea that Wrigley wanted to promote the team as an event for the whole family rather than a game for guys with a cigar in their mouth. He sold it as a summer oasis. They planted trees and the ivy on the outfield wall and redid the bleachers and put in new concession stands with better food. Wrigley was a great advertising man and filled the newspapers with ads, not about how great the team was, but about the experience at Wrigley Field, about how much fun the family was going to have.”
The Cubs won two National League pennants under Veeck Sr., who died in 1933 when his son was just 19 and a student at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio. The son left school to return to work for the Cubs, as he became the team’s treasurer.
In 1942, Veeck, along with former Cubs star and manager Charlie Grimm, bought the Triple-A Milwaukee Brewers. Veeck experimented with promotions (including a contest to rename the ladies’ room. The winner was “Hall of Fem.”) and game times. Veeck sought to attract as many fans as possible. He also enlisted in the Marines, as he served three years in an artillery unit during World War II. Veeck’s leg was crushed by a recoiling artillery piece and his foot was amputated. He would later have more than 30 surgeries on the leg and lived the rest of his life in constant pain.
Veeck sold his interest in the Milwaukee club and in 1946 purchased the Cleveland Indians. With Doby in the lineup, Veeck also signed legendary pitcher Satchel Paige of the Negro Leagues and made him the oldest rookie in baseball history. The Indians won the World Series two years later. In 1949 and in need of money to settle a divorce with his first wife, Veeck sold the Indians.
In 1951, Veeck bought the lowly St. Louis Browns. According to one tale, when a fan called the Browns’ offices to see what time that day’s game was supposed to start, Veeck responded, “What time can you make it?”
Some of Veeck’s greatest stunts took place in St. Louis. In August of 1951, Eddie Gaedel, who stood 3 feet 7 inches and wore number 1/8, suited up for the Browns. The shortest man to ever play in the major leagues walked in his only plate appearance.
Veeck also turned game management over to the fans for a game, as he gave the crowd signs for “Yes” and “No” when asked if the Browns should bunt, steal a base or play the infield in. The Browns beat Philadelphia 5-3 that day.
Money issues often prompted Veeck to sell his teams but rarely was he out of the game for long. After leaving St. Louis, he returned to Chicago, where he bought the White Sox in 1959. That year, the South Siders made the World Series for the first time in 40 years, but lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers. Veeck would again sell his team.
In 1976, Veeck purchased his last baseball team, the White Sox again. This was on the eve of free agency when salaries headed north of $1 million for top stars. Veeck created a strategy to keep the Sox competitive: rent-a-player, in which he would bring in a player in the last year of his contract with no intention of signing him after the season.
“It solidified him as to who he was,” said Dickson of the rent-a-player philosophy. “He relished this opportunity.”
By 1981, Veeck could no longer compete with baseball’s new financial structure and sold the team. He left the game, but his legacy continues and can be seen in every major- and minor-league ballpark from the promotions to the scoreboards. He also had an influence on race and integration of the game.
“Veeck opened the park for kids, women and families,” Dickson said. “He knew the game was constantly facing challenges and he knew he had to keep a step ahead. He realized the total package of well-contained insanity. While it did not always work, consider Disco Demolition (when the White Sox had to forfeit a game because fans destroyed the field), he had a major impact on the game.”